Two Sides To One Coin – Voiceover And Dubbing
We all are currently living in a world of media, where media is deeply connected with our day to day life. And the two undeniable heroes of this world are “VOICEOVER” & “DUBBING”. These two components are almost present in each and every media contents. Voiceover and Dubbing are just like the two sides of coins. In several cases both are required depending on situation. But what is actually Voiceover and Dubbing?
Have you seen movies where you get to listen what a character is thinking in his/ her mind? You ever wonder whose voice is there narrating while a commercial runs on a Television? That is what you call Voiceover. Voiceover is a technical process to deliver information through voice without a visible speaker. While you see an advertisement you listen a voice that narrates about the product, but you never see the one speaking it, this process is called voiceover. Voiceover plays a key role in multimedia industries. Most of us use it but don’t know about it properly.
Applications of Voice-over
- Translated interviews
- Mobile assistants and interactive apps
There are two types of Voiceover
1. Style Voiceover
Style voiceover is the voiceover that is used for means of entertainment like ads and movies where you need to engage the public primarily and giving them information secondarily. The main motto in this type of voiceover is to make it engaging and attractive. This type of voice over also looks after the elements like emotions, expressions, etc. so as to make the viewers understand the feeling or the emotion of the situation. It makes sure that the viewers understand the emotion or the sense of the speech in the voiceover. It also focuses on attracting more and more people towards it.
Some examples are- Movies, Advertisements, Animations, etc.
2. Un-Style Voiceover
Un-style voiceover refers to the voiceovers where it tries to give the information to the audience primarily. It mainly focuses on giving an information or fact to the viewer. It does not look after the attraction and engaging factors, it one and only factor is to give the information. It does not focus on stuffs like emotions, expressions, etc. it just gives out the information. It does not care how the user takes it or how he uses the information. It also does not emphasize on the sense, tone or expression of the speech. It is more common in fields like mass-communications. When we see an interview of a person speaking a different language but we get to listen it on our language it is also un-style voice over, where in an interview the speech or the information given by the speaker is converted into another language that is understood by the viewers. These kinds of uses of voiceover are very essential for gaining information and facts from different part of world and in languages that we don’t understand.
For example-Translated interview, Conferences, Documentaries, Video Clips, etc.
Process of Voiceover
Now that we know exactly what is voice over, next we need to know how it is used or how it is produced. In voice over a person called voice artist gives the required audio by saying it and then that audio is played along with the video giving an overall audio visual output to the users. This is how one creates a voiceover.
Now we come to a process that is a bit more complicated than voiceover. When your hero says the dialogues how is the sound quality so good. Or when you see a movie of a different unknown language in your known language, then the thing you witness is dubbing. Dubbing is a much more complicated process. Unlike voiceover, in dubbing the speaker is visible thus it is very important and tough to synchronize the audio with the speaker’s lips movement. The process of matching this audio with speakers movement is called lip-sync. Suppose if the dialogue is slow and the lip movement is faster then, you will see that dialogues are not matching according to the video. This specification is what makes dubbing a much tougher job.
When you watch a movie of different language dubbed in your own language that time also the words or translated dialogues must be written carefully so as to match the timing of the character’s lip movement.
Applications of Dubbing
Dubbing is a much more expensive and complicated process but its application is in huge scales.
- Translated movies
- Seminars/ Speeches of different language
- Clear Audio in Videos
Process of Dubbing
Now how does this real dubbing process work? The voice or the audio is first recorded and then in the video file the existing audio is removed and freshly dubbed audio is attached and synced properly with the video and mixed properly in order to get a complete audio visual output. Now, basically in movies the film actors record the audio, and in animes the voice artists are recruited for giving the voice for the videos. But the main complication is the translation or dubbing something in a different language. The challenge that arises in translating is that the whole audio file needs to be translated in a whole new language and with the same emotion or feeling and moreover the selection of words and the rewritten words should be such that it properly syncs or properly times with the speakers lip movement throughout the video. It is almost like rewriting a script for audio.
There are such hard works and techniques like voiceover and dubbing, that we get these beautiful and Entertaining Medias. Most of us don’t know that how these tasks are accomplished and how troublesome these tasks could be. This is also a very successful and innovative work to take up as a career. These two sides of the coin open up several career option, as all of these are achieved through a complete team. So, it is also an interesting and demanding career to pick up. We pick out faults and get irritated by very small mistake but often fail to realize that how hard it is to create such media files. So, next time we go to watch a movie or cartoon we must be thankful to the team that worked on the voiceover and dubbing of the media.
Dubbing and voiceover has changed a lot over time with the technological advancements and will continue to advance. The more advance it gets the better audio visual media output we will get.